Ethical Leadership and Business Practices

A Case Study of Small Businesses in Eastern Turkey Amidst Challenges


  • Jeffrey Moore Anderson University
  • Joel Nickell Consortium for Global Education, Research Fellow
  • Taner Yıldırım Fırat Üniversitesi, College of Humanities and Social Science
  • Ayham Almahli


In recent years, Turkey's economy has faced a series of challenges, including an economic crisis, high inflation rates, and natural disasters. In times of crisis, the temptation to compromise ethics for immediate survival can be strong. However, maintaining strong business ethics has been proven to yield better results in the long run. This study focuses on the ethical landscape of small businesses in Eastern Turkey, aiming to understand how ethical practices are established, sustained, and impact society. By analyzing the experiences of business owners and managers, this research seeks to offer insights that can be replicated for the betterment of the country.

Author Biography

Jeffrey Moore, Anderson University

Jeffrey Moore serves as a full-time professor of management and disability intelligence researcher at Anderson University (South Carolina).  He was raised in France and received his PhD from the University of Nice Sophia-Antipolis' business school Institut d’Administration des Entreprises (IAE).   His research focus is on complexity leadership and hiring people with disabilities. 

Leading the Anderson University research team, they work with Walgreens and Sephora to study their disability employment practices and impact on team members.  They authored book chapters on culture transformation through employing people with disabilities, creating transparent organizational cultures, and moral development.  They have published in AMLE (Academy of Management Learning & Education), JMD (Journal of Management Development) and ODJ (Organizational Development Journal). They won the only best paper award at the 2019 International Dutch Human Resource Management Network.  In 2015 they won the AOM Management Consulting 2015 Award: Outstanding Scholar-Practitioner Collaboration. 

Over the past 20 years they have worked with manufacturing companies on organizational transformation through leadership development and with distribution centers on leveraging their inclusive teams.  They are the only researchers working with Bed Bath & Beyond, Sephora and Walgreens to study their inclusive teams.    SDG



How to Cite

Moore, J., Nickell, J., Yıldırım, T., & Almahli, A. (2024). Ethical Leadership and Business Practices: A Case Study of Small Businesses in Eastern Turkey Amidst Challenges. Journal of Research for International Educators, 3(1). Retrieved from